Directing, planning, and deciding are key actions in the direction of operations in most companies. And if we add to these fundamental areas, a specific one is created, generally called the Directorate or Operations Management. In agribusiness, this is so important that different preliminary evaluations must be carried out before executing it. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), through its bulletins, indicates some observations that you should have when setting up a pre-feasibility project for an agro-industry. It indicates the fundamentals to evaluate to have an operation in execution.
As operations to prioritize, FAO (2002) indicates the geographical location of the raw material to be harvested, in addition to its seasonality and alternative crops to maintain the operations of the facilities at least 85% per year. Also create alliances with farmers or associations, according to their perspective to establish businesses where both parties win equipment and machinery so that it is modular and can be adapted to various types of raw material without increasing investment expenses, among other operations and environmental factors, the which influence the productivity of the crop.
Within agribusiness operations, labor is essential, as indicated by Rosario Bazán and Fabian Hidalgo (gestion. pe; 2011). They point out the deficit of this human resource and, even, being in the cost table the main one to control in 2011. Currently, the workforce in this sector is the most important and in-demand, says César Peñaranda (CCL, 2019): 75% of the workers who are working in the agribusiness is formal and has grown compared to 2015, which was 66%, related to the increase in the harvest and foreign demand, giving a projection and planning based on this variable.
Currently, in Peru, export operations were affected, as in the case of logistics operators who issued alerts to agro-export companies of congestion in Chinese ports, and where there were two possible solutions. The first was to move their shipments to another destination that, in some cases, had not been planned and that incurred a higher cost, or pay the additional US $ 1,000 for the extra cost of having their containers stranded and refrigerated (edagrícola, 2020). This is where agribusiness must decide. In the domestic scenario of Peru, the pandemic affected the transfer of human capital in agribusiness, having to increase fleets of mobilities to comply with the regulations issued at the time to ensure minimal contact. This led to hiring additional mobilities to carry out their operations (RM N ° 204-2020). It was almost mandatory because agribusiness is a labor-intensive business. This unplanned decision affects the agribusiness in its objective of continuing its operations.
The direction of operations in the agribusiness is important to have the core of the business in motion, good control of its environment, and create contingency plans that will lead the industries in this sector to differentiate in the national and world market.
Is one capable of producing?
At the San Ignacio de Loyola University, we train agroindustrial engineers with a cutting-edge curriculum, based on three axes: training in bioprocesses with an emphasis on industrial biotechnology, the innovation of new products, and global agribusiness, in addition to other skills such as creativity, communication, ability to problem-solving and teamwork. This training will allow them to face new challenges and trends in agro-industrial engineering.
Engineering USIL’s Agroindustrial Engineering career trains leading engineers capable of transforming agricultural resources into value-added products to contribute to the development and innovation of agribusiness.